SPECsfs2008_nfs.v3 Result

Avere Systems, Inc. : FXT 2500 (1 Node)
SPECsfs2008_nfs.v3 = 22025 Ops/Sec (Overall Response Time = 1.30 msec)


2181 0.4
4365 0.7
6552 0.8
8738 0.9
10930 1.0
13118 1.1
15329 1.5
17523 1.7
19813 2.2
22025 5.3
Performance Graph

Product and Test Information

Tested By Avere Systems, Inc.
Product Name FXT 2500 (1 Node)
Hardware Available October 2009
Software Available October 2009
Date Tested September 2009
SFS License Number 9020
Licensee Locations Pittsburgh, PA

The Avere Systems FXT 2500 appliance provides tiered NAS storage that allows performance to scale independently of capacity. The FXT 2500 is built on a 64-bit architecture that is managed by Avere OS software. FXT clusters scale to as many as 25 nodes and support millions of IO operations per second and deliver multiple GB/s of bandwidth. The Avere OS software dynamically organizes data into tiers. Active data is placed on the FXT appliances while inactive data is placed on slower mass storage servers. The system accelerates performance of read, write and metadata operations. The FXT 2500 supports both NFSv3 and CIFS protocols. The tested configuration consisted of (1) FXT 2500 cluster node. The system also included a Linux server that acted as the mass storage system.

Configuration Bill of Materials

Item No Qty Type Vendor Model/Name Description
1 1 Storage Appliance Avere Systems, Inc. FXT 2500 Avere Systems Tiered NAS Appliance running Avere OS 1.0 software. Includes (8) 450 GB SAS Disks.
2 1 Server Motherboard Supermicro X7DWN+ Motherboard for Linux mass storage NFS Server.
3 1 Server Chassis Supermicro CSE-846E1-R900B 4U 24-Drive Chassis for Linux mass storage NFS Server.
4 4 Disk Drive Seagate ST31000340NS 1TB Barracuda ES.2 SATA 7200 RPM Disks for Linux mass storage NFS Server.
5 1 System Disk Seagate ST3500320NS 500GB Barracuda ES.2 SATA 7200 RPM Disk for Linux mass storage NFS Server.
6 1 RAID Controller LSI SAS8888ELP SAS/SATA RAID Controller with 512 MB Cache and External Battery Backup Unit for Linux mass storage NFS Server.

Server Software

OS Name and Version Avere OS 1.0
Other Software Mass storage server runs Ubuntu 9.04 with Linux 2.6.28-11-server kernel
Filesystem Software Avere OS 1.0

Server Tuning

Name Value Description
Slider Age 8 hours Files may be modified up to 8 hours before being written back to the mass storage system.

Server Tuning Notes

3+1 RAID5 array was created on the Linux mass storage server using the following LSI MegaCli command line 'MegaCli64 -CfgLdAdd -r5 '[72:0,72:1,72:2,72:3]' WB ADRA Cached NoCachedBadBBU -strpsz32 -a0' and disk caches were disabled as follows 'MegaCli64 -LDSetProp -DisDskCache -L0 -a0'. This MegaCli command line creates a RAID5 3+1 array with write-back caching enabled in the controller (WB), adaptive read-ahead (ADRA), controller caching (Cached), caching disabled if the battery-backup unit fails (NoCachedBadBBU), a 32KB stripe unit size on controller zero (-a0). Complete documentation for the MegaCli command line tool is available at http://www.lsi.com/DistributionSystem/AssetDocument/80-00156-01_RevH_SAS_SW_UG.pdf.

Disks and Filesystems

Description Number of Disks Usable Size
Each FXT 2500 node contains (8) 450 GB 15K RPM SAS disks. All FXT data resides on these disks. 8 3.1 TB
Each FXT 2500 node contains (1) 250 GB SATA disk. System disk. 1 250.0 GB
The mass storage system contains (4) 1 TB SATA disks. The XFS file system is used to manage these disks and the FXT nodes access them via NFSv3. 4 2.7 TB
The mass storage system contains (1) 500 GB SATA disk. System disk. 1 500.0 GB
Total 14 6.5 TB
Number of Filesystems 1
Total Exported Capacity 2791 GB (Linux mass storage system capacity)
Filesystem Type TFS (Tiered File System)
Filesystem Creation Options Default on FXT nodes. Linux mass storage server XFS filesystem created with 'mkfs.xfs -d agcount=512,sunit=64,swidth=384 -l size=128m,version=2,sunit=64,lazy-count=1 -i align=1 -f /dev/sdc'. Mounted using 'mount -t xfs -o logbufs=8,logbsize=262144,allocsize=4096,nobarrier /dev/sdc /export1'
Filesystem Config 3+1 RAID5 configuration on Linux mass storage server.
Fileset Size 2552.4 GB

Network Configuration

Item No Network Type Number of Ports Used Notes
1 10 Gigabit Ethernet 1 One 10 Gigabit Ethernet port used for each FXT 2500 appliance.
2 Gigabit Ethernet 1 The mass storage system is connected via a 1 Gigabit Ethernet.

Network Configuration Notes

The FXT 2500 was attached via a single 10 GbE port to an Arista DCS-7124S 24 port 10 GbE switch. The load generating clients were attached to an HP ProCurve 2900-48G switch via a single 1 GbE link. The HP switch had a 10 GbE uplink to the Arista switch. The mass storage server was attached to the HP switch via a single 1 GbE link. A 1500 byte MTU was used throughout the network.

Benchmark Network

An MTU size of 1500 was set for all connections to the switch. Each load generator was connected to the network via a single 1 GbE port. The SUT was configured with a single IP address.

Processing Elements

Item No Qty Type Description Processing Function
1 2 CPU Intel Xeon E5420 2.50 GHz Quad-Core Processor FXT 2500 Avere OS, Network, NFS/CIFS, Filesystem, Device Drivers
2 2 CPU Intel Xeon E5420 2.50 GHz Quad-Core Processor Linux mass storage system

Processing Element Notes

Each file server has two physical processors.


Description Size in GB Number of Instances Total GB Nonvolatile
FXT System Memory 64 1 64 V
Mass storage system memory 32 1 32 V
FXT NVRAM module 1 1 1 NV
Mass storage system RAID Controller NVRAM Module .5 1 0.5 NV
Grand Total Memory Gigabytes     97.5  

Memory Notes

Each FXT node has main memory that is used for the operating system and for caching filesystem data. A separate, battery-backed NVRAM module is used to provide stable storage for writes that have not yet been written to disk.

Stable Storage

The Avere filesystem logs writes and metadata updates to the NVRAM module. Filesystem modifying NFS operations are not acknowledged until the data has been safely stored in NVRAM. The battery backing the NVRAM ensures that any uncommitted transactions persist for at least 72 hours.

System Under Test Configuration Notes

The system under test consisted of (1) Avere FXT 2500 node. The node was attached to the network via 10 Gigabit Ethernet. An FXT 2500 node contains (8) 450 GB SAS disks. The Linux mass storage system was attached to the network via a single 1 Gigabit Ethernet link. The mass storage server was a 4U Supermicro server configured with an (4) 1TB disk SATA RAID5 array.

Other System Notes


Test Environment Bill of Materials

Item No Qty Vendor Model/Name Description
1 4 Supermicro X7DWU Supermicro Server with 8GB of RAM
2 1 Arista Networks DCS-7124S Arista 24 Port 10 GbE Switch
3 1 HP 2900-48G HP ProCurve 48 Port 1 GbE Switch

Load Generators

LG Type Name LG1
BOM Item # 1
Processor Name Intel Xeon E5420 2.50 GHz Quad-Core Processor
Processor Speed 2.50 GHz
Number of Processors (chips) 2
Number of Cores/Chip 4
Memory Size 8 GB
Operating System CentOS 5.3 (Linux 2.6.18-128.el5)
Network Type 1 x Intel Gigabit Ethernet Controller 82575EB

Load Generator (LG) Configuration

Benchmark Parameters

Network Attached Storage Type NFS V3
Number of Load Generators 4
Number of Processes per LG 36
Biod Max Read Setting 2
Biod Max Write Setting 2
Block Size 0

Testbed Configuration

LG No LG Type Network Target Filesystems Notes
1..4 LG1 1 /export1/3 N/A

Load Generator Configuration Notes

All clients were connected to a single filesystem through the FXT node

Uniform Access Rule Compliance

Each load-generating client hosted 36 processes. The assignment of processes to network interfaces was done such that they were evenly divided across all network paths to the FXT appliances. The filesystem data was evenly distributed across all disks and FXT appliances.

Other Notes


Config Diagrams

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Copyright © 1997-2008 Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation

First published at SPEC.org on 09-Oct-2009